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Thousands of children and their families across central Africa have struggled through cycles of violent conflict and economic poverty, which often create the “hidden scars” of severe trauma and fear. Left unaddressed, this trauma not only hinders the ability of individuals, families, and communities to recover from violent conflict and rebuild, it can actually increase the risk of participation in violent and destructive behavior down the road.

Additionally, several armed groups currently operate across central Africa, including the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) which is widely known for forced abductions and use of child soldiers. As part of Invisible Children’s efforts to end violence against communities across central Africa, we actively encourage the peaceful defection and safe escape of LRA fighters and captives through ‘Come Home’ defection messaging. However, successfully leaving LRA captivity is just the first step in a long process of recovery and returnees often need individualized trauma healing and support while tracking down their families in order to successfully reintegrate into their home communities.

Our response

In 2015, we partnered with the Inter-Church Commission, a community-based civil society organization in South Sudan, and psychosocial experts at Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) to develop a trauma healing toolkit. Today, we provide this toolkit to communities across central Africa as part of Community Resilience Committee trainings and have adapted it to be played over FM radio throughout the region in order to reach even more people, including nomadic pastoralists and other marginalized populations.

Built around customs of the local Zande people, this toolkit includes efforts in counseling, educational campaigns, and group meetings focused on traditional rituals that provide space for communities to address conflict and trauma together. The toolkit incorporates clinical expertise from HHI professionals into traditional practices, such as community mourning, so that violence-affected communities are able to access the support they need through familiar mechanisms.

Statistics

7 Trauma Healing Workshops facilitated

92 Women and children supported at the Obo Transit Center

5 FM radio stations broadcasting trauma healing messaging

Reintegration Support

Along with use in community based healing efforts, this toolkit is also a key element of the successful reintegration of individuals returning from participation in armed groups, including former LRA abductees.

In the Central African Republic (CAR) we’ve partnered with Association of Host Families for Solidarity for the Victims and Escapees (AFASVR), a local community organization to operate a Transit Center for women and children returning from LRA captivity in CAR. Upon return from captivity, women and children are given clothes, food, and a place to stay at the Transit Center in Obo, CAR for about a week. During this time, returnees are able to decompress while supported by people who have been trained on coping mechanisms and trauma-healing. Following their time in the Transit Center, returnees spend time with local host families, who are also trained in trauma healing to help them transition back into community life.

Meanwhile, our Invisible Children CAR team uses the Early Warning Radio Network to track down their families in an effort to help them return to their home communities.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) we work with community partner DIVAS to provide LRA returnees with host families following time at a Transit Center operated by MONUSCO, the UN mission in DRC, while our team works to track down their families.

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Community Resilience Committees

Active 2013-Present Many communities in eastern Central African Republic (CAR), northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)  and South Sudan face the daily threat of violence and exploitation. Isolated and without basic protection, they are targeted by violent poachers and other…

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